Dziram Eye Center

FAQ - Frequently asked questions
Q: My child has been rubbing her eyes most of the time till it turns red. Is it normal?

A: No. It is not normal. The eyes were not created to be rubbed but for sight. If your child rubs the eyes often, it could be a sign of allergic conjunctivitis. It means your child is reacting to something in her environment. That means something is going into her eyes that the eyes don’t like. The commonest things are the things around her, like the soap she uses to bath, cream on the face, mosquito coil, mosquito spray etc. Once you are able to find out and avoid the substance, most of the time the itching and rubbing will stop. However while you are still looking for the causative agent, you will have to take your child to the eye clinic for examination and treatment. This is because if she continues rubbing the eyes, she will create what we call erosions of the corneal surface which could become ulcers and heal with scaring, reducing her vision permanently!

Q: When I see something white on my eye, is it a cataract?

A: Not necessarily. A lot of diseases can cause the front part of the eye to look white, what we call leucocoria. Cataract is one of them. Other diseases which can cause the front part of the eye to look white are corneal scars in both adults and children, retinoblastoma (eye cancer) or persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous in children etc. A white pupilary reflex in children must be examined by the ophthalmologist as soon as possible. This is because if it turns out to be a retinoblastoma, which is a cancer of the eye, early treatment is very important not only to save vision, but to save life! If left untreated, retinoblastoma will lead to the death of the child if the cancer migrates or metastases into the brain. So just get a check up when you see something white on your eye.

Q: What is glaucoma? How do I know whether I have glaucoma or not?

A: For more details on the subject of glaucoma, please click on our link on the left side of our home page on glaucoma surgery. However simply put, glaucoma is a disease of the eye which is associated with high pressure in the eye (intra-ocular pressure, IOP) and which leads to a progressive damage of the optic nerve and blindness if not diagnosed and treated on time.
You cannot know whether you have glaucoma or not unless you have gone for a checkup with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor), not an optician. This is because the commonest type of glaucoma in Ghana and most Africans (open angle glaucoma) does not cause pain or itch. Moreover you cannot feel the pressure in your eye unless it has been checked. However glaucoma is not dependent only on the IOP but on some other factors and that is the reason why you will need a trained person like the ophthalmologist or ophthalmic nurse to examine you to rule it out. Because glaucoma comes with age, everyone pass the age of 30 yrs (25yrs in Ghanaians) should check his eye to rule out that he does not have glaucoma.

Q: If I am diagnosed to have glaucoma does it mean I will definitely become blind?

A: Definitely not. However once diagnosed to have glaucoma, if you refuse treatment or do not take your treatment seriously, you will definitely become blind as the years go by. This is because glaucoma leads to a progressive damage of the nerve which leaves the eye into the brain (optic nerve) and once there is no treatment, the ultimate is total damage and blindness after some years. Once treatment is initiated and the IOP is controlled, you can maintain your vision till God calls you.

Q: If glaucoma can be treated with drops, why do some doctors advice patients for surgery?

A: The first line of treatment of glaucoma is the use of drops. However drops are only used if they reduce the IOP and the glaucoma is not diagnosed in an advanced stage with very high IOPs. Normal pressure in the eye is between 10 and 20mmHg. If eye drops are able to maintain the IOP within this range without further damage to the optic nerve over time, then they can be used so long as the patient can afford them and they are available. However sometimes the drops are not able to reduce the pressure to the desired level or the patient is not able to afford the drops because they are expensive or the drops are not easily available. Under such circumstances, a glaucoma surgery has to be performed to reduce the pressure

Q: If I undergo glaucoma surgery, does it mean I have been cured of glaucoma and do not need to use drops again or even go to see the eye doctor again?

A: Glaucoma is a chronic disease. Once you have it, it stays with you for life. It is treatable but not curable! Once you have had a successful glaucoma surgery, the IOP will reduce and there will be no further damage to the optic nerve. However with time, changes can occur on the eye which will cause the pressure to start going up again. If this is not detected and treated (first with drops and later with another surgery), the eye could become blind. Hence the need for regular checkup even after a successful glaucoma surgery.

Dziram Eye Center Introduces vitreo-retinal surgery from September 2012...





    Satisfied client

Dziram has been very kind to me, and i'm exceptionally grateful to the founders - Mr Vanderpuye

    Philip Djagbanor

Quality service is the hallmark of Dziram eye center. - Philip Dzagbanor